Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the United States.
The macula is the part of the retina that serves our central vision, allowing us to see fine detail. Macular degeneration may cause blurring and distortion of the central vision. The words on a page may look blurred or wavy and straight lines may look distorted.
There are two forms of macular degeneration:
- Dry (non-exudative) macular degeneration
- Wet (exudative) macular degeneration
In dry AMD, central vision becomes impaired as the cells beneath the retina gradually lose function.
In wet AMD, abnormal blood vessels grow beneath the retina where they eventually leak and bleed. This is called neovascularization. Scar tissue may form in these areas. Wet AMD may cause sudden visual loss. Fortunately, wet AMD can sometimes be treated with laser surgery or medication.
Early detection and treatment can help save your vision. While dry AMD does not have a cure or an effective treatment. Some dietary supplements have shown promise in reducing the risk of disease progression. At Eye Physicians of Northampton, our ophthalmologists can help patients monitor the condition and learn how to use low-vision aids to help with reading and other tasks. We can also share the most up-to-date information and treatment options as they become available.