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Development of cataracts is usually part of the normal human aging process. The natural, clear lens of the eye gradually becomes cloudy, blocking light as it passes through the eye. The condition can be compared to a window that is frosted or “fogged” with steam.
Blurred vision, glare sensitivity, difficulty in reading in low light and declining night vision are typical symptoms as cataracts develop. Glasses and medication are ineffective in improving visual loss caused by cataracts.
When cataracts cause vision loss that interferes with your work, lifestyle, or activities of daily living, it may be time to have them treated surgically.
Cataract surgery techniques have rapidly advanced in the past decade. Faster recovery and better visual outcomes have been the result. The cataract is removed through a small incision using an ultrasound probe, a technique called phacoemulsification. A plastic intraocular lens (IOL) is then inserted into the lens capsule of the eye. Typically no stitches are required with this procedure.
Eye drops are used after cataract surgery, and the patient is asked to avoid bending, straining or lifting heavy objects for a week. Your doctor will monitor your recovery at scheduled follow-up appointments.
Multifocal lenses, such as ReSTOR and ReZoom lens, are available to provide patients with distance, near and intermediate vision following surgery. Both ReSTOR and ReZoom technology are exciting new technologies that can reduce dependence on glasses, however, these lenses are not for everyone. Many patients have visual needs that are better treated with monofocal lens technology. It is important to discuss the various lens options with your ophthalmologist.
Drs. Bleiman, Hubbe and Shatz pride themselves on providing individualized care and counseling to their patients. Understanding the specific needs of each individual guides us in our treatment choices. Direct, open communication allows us to identify and address these needs.